MySQL Tech Talks

Three intrepid MySQLers came to Google after the user conference to give internal tech talks. They were kind enough to agree to us hosting them for other people to see. The first two are up, so I’ll mention those now, and put a link to the last one when it’s available…

Click on the thumbnail to be taken to the video.

Jay Pipes is a co-author of the recently published Pro MySQL (Apress, 2005), which covers all of the newest MySQL 5 features, as well as in-depth discussion and analysis of the MySQL server architecture, storage engines, transaction processing, benchmarking, and advanced SQL scenarios. You can also see his name on articles appearing in Linux Magazine and can read more articles about MySQL at his website. Jay Pipes is MySQL’s Community Relations Manager for North America.

Learn where to best focus your attention when tuning the performance of your applications and database servers, and how to effectively find the “low hanging fruit” on the tree of bottlenecks. It’s not rocket science, but with a bit of acquired skill and experience, and of course good habits, you too can do this magic!

Timour Katchaounov

The first part of this talk describes the main principles behind MySQL’s query optimiser and execution engine, how the optimiser transforms queries into executable query plans, what these plans look like, and how they are executed.

The second part of the talk describes the major improvements in the query engine of MySQL 5.0, and how these improvements can benefit the users of MySQL 5.0. The “greedy” optimiser reduces compilation time for big queries with orders of magnitude. The “index merge” access method provides a way to use more than one index for the same query. For faster plan execution and to allow better join orders, the 5.0 optimiser transforms most outer joins into inner joins.

The outer joins that cannot be transformed into inner ones are executed in a pipeline manner, so that no intermediate results need to be materialised. Finally, some GROUP BY and DISTINCT queries can be executed much faster thanks to “loose index scan” technique that reads only a fraction of an index.

The talk concludes with the near-future plans for new features coming in the next versions of MySQL.

Stewart Smith works for MySQL AB as a software engineer working on MySQL Cluster. He is an active member of the free and open source software community, especially in Australia. Although Australian, he does not dress like Steve Irwin—although if he wrestled crocodiles he probably would. He is a fan of great coffee, great beer, and is currently 39,000 feet above sea level.

part 1 – Introduction to MySQL Cluster The NDB storage engine (MySQL Cluster) is a high-availability storage engine for MySQL. It provides synchronous replication between storage nodes and many mysql servers having a consistent view of the database. In 4.1 and 5.0 it’s a main memory database, but in 5.1 non-indexed attributes can be stored on disk. NDB also provides a lot of determinism in system resource usage. I’ll talk a bit about that.

part 2 – new features in 5.1 including cluster to cluster replication, disk based data and a bunch of other things. anybody that is attending the mysql users conference may find this eerily familiar.

I can also talk about latest-and-totally-greatest developments and future stuff we’re working on. i can also take questions and constructive abuse 🙂

You can see a complete list of the MySQL tech talks at Google here.

Update: added Stewart’s talk now that it is online.